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古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:元青花贴塑红釉开光四婴图梅瓶
2021-09-03 20:48:19   来源:网络

元代瓷器是中国陶瓷发展当中的重大转折点,在陶瓷装饰历史上有着划时代的意义。器形多样,装饰手法繁多,釉彩各异,烧制技术是革命性的创造,开创明清和现代瓷器的新格局,以至于影响到世界陶瓷的发展。在元代瓷器当中,尤其能把青花和釉里红、绘画和贴塑集于一身。

Yuan Dynasty porcelain is a major turning point in the development of Chinese ceramics, which is of epoch-making significance in the history of ceramic decoration. The firing technology is a revolutionary creation, creating a new pattern of Ming and Qing Dynasties and modern porcelain, so as to affect the development of ceramics in the world. In the Yuan Dynasty porcelain, blue and white, underglaze red, painting and pasting can be integrated.

 

历来元青花、釉里红瓷器以其独特的艺术魅力让人倾倒,这主要取决于元代青花、釉里红的烧制成功开创了以钴、铜着色剂为釉下彩绘瓷器的先河。

Blue and white porcelain and underglaze red porcelain of the Yuan Dynasty have always attracted people with their unique artistic charm, which mainly depends on the successful firing of blue and white porcelain and underglaze red in the Yuan Dynasty, creating a precedent for underglaze painted porcelain with cobalt and copper colorants.

 

青花釉里红瓷,釉下彩瓷的一种。在青花间用铜红加绘纹饰。以色彩绚美著称。始于元代。由于烧成难度大,青花釉里红器,被视为古瓷珍品。

Blue and white underglaze red porcelain is a kind of underglaze colored porcelain. The blue and white room is decorated with copper red. It is famous for its gorgeous colors. It began in the Yuan Dynasty. Due to the difficulty of firing, blue and white underglaze red ware is regarded as a treasure of ancient porcelain.

 

此梅瓶丰肩、通体青花釉里红纹饰。瓶身绘青花莲瓣纹、卷草纹、各一周。近口沿处绘青花缠枝花纹、卷草纹各一周。肩部绘下垂如意、内绘青花水波纹托白莲,绘制四季花卉与婴儿四态,在罐足胫上绘一圈仰莲瓣纹。瓶腹上为八个八瓣式开光,每个间隔开光里用贴塑手法装饰洞石花草纹,青花、釉里红互为衬托,红、蓝交相辉映。造型丰满浑厚,纹饰层次鲜明,综合了绘、镂、塑、模印、贴等多种技法。青花、釉里红在作品中互为衬托,立体感十足,以青花填绘枝叶,以釉里红绘其牡丹、花瓣,釉面莹润,宝光十足。青花发色深沉浓翠(浓重之处有铁斑显见为使用进口钴料之特征),红、蓝交相辉映,整体形成一种气度雍容而又花团锦簇的艺术效果。让我们不得不惊叹元代瓷艺大师们高超的工艺水准和艺术想象。

This plum vase has a rich shoulder and is decorated with blue and white underglaze red patterns. The bottle body is painted with blue and white lotus petal pattern and roll grass pattern, one week each. Near the mouth edge, blue and white intertwined patterns and rolling grass patterns are painted for one week respectively. The shoulder is painted with drooping Ruyi, the inside is painted with blue and white water waves, holding white lotus, four seasons flowers and four states of babies, and a circle of upward lotus petal pattern is painted on the shin of the tank foot. On the belly of the bottle are eight eight petal opening lights. In each interval opening light, the cave stone flowers and grass patterns are decorated by pasting plastic techniques. Blue and white and underglaze red set off each other, and red and blue complement each other. The shape is plump and thick, and the decorative level is distinct. It integrates a variety of techniques such as painting, engraving, molding, printing, pasting and so on. Blue and white and underglaze red set off each other in the works, with a full three-dimensional sense. The branches and leaves are filled with blue and white, and the peonies and petals are painted with underglaze red. The glaze is bright and lustrous. The blue and white hair color is deep and thick green (there are iron spots in the thick part, which is obviously characterized by the use of imported cobalt material). Red and blue complement each other, forming an elegant and colorful artistic effect as a whole. We have to marvel at the superb craftsmanship and artistic imagination of the porcelain masters of the Yuan Dynasty.

 

从工艺的角度,这件器物的难度远比鬼谷子下山大得多。彩绘贴塑、镂空雕刻,融合了那个时代最先进最复杂的各种陶瓷手工艺,釉里红的使用又使之前的努力面临极大的烧成风险。说他是一件划时代的杰作是丝毫也不夸张的。

From the point of view of craft, this artifact is much more difficult than Guiguzi going down the mountain. Color painting, plastic pasting and hollow carving combined the most advanced and complex ceramic handicrafts of that era. The use of underglaze red faced great firing risk. It is no exaggeration to say that he is an epoch-making masterpiece.

 

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