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古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:天眷通宝
2021-08-03 16:29:23   来源:网络

1137年,即天会15年,金熙宗下诏改阴历明年(1138年)为天眷元年。此年号持续到到1141年正月癸丑日(阳历2月21日),金熙宗“谢太庙。大赦。改元皇统。”(《金史》金熙宗在天眷年间铸造和发行了天眷钱币。

In 1137, the 15th year of Tianhui, Jin Xizong issued an edict to change the lunar calendar next year (1138) to the first year of Tianjun. This year lasted until the first month of 1141 (February 21 of the Gregorian calendar), the "Xie Tai Temple" of jinxizong. Amnesty. Reform the imperial system. "(《 The history of Jin emperor Xizong minted and issued Tianjun coins during the Tianjun period.

 

天眷通宝,乃金熙宗完颜合刺天眷年间(公元1138—1140年)铸币。关于天眷钱,史籍虽无载其铸钱史,然实物早已实证此钱不虚。鉴于过去长期以来,天眷钱发现时间较晚,因其早年于河南发现一枚楷书天眷通宝钱(前后发现者皆旋读),曾为泉界侧目,进而列入中国古钱币纲要大珍,爵位加身,名誉卓著。

Tianxun Tongbao was coined during the reign of emperor Xizong of Jin Dynasty (1138-1140). As for Tianjun money, although the historical records do not contain its history of casting money, the material object has already proved that the money is not empty. In view of the late discovery of Tianjun coin in the past for a long time, it was found in Henan Province in its early years that a regular script Tianjun Tongbao coin (both the front and rear discoverers read it in rotation), which was once looked at by the spring community and then included in the grand treasure of the outline of ancient Chinese coins. It was honored with a great reputation.

 

天眷钱目前发现已知仅有数种,分别为“天眷元宝”小平篆书,“天眷通宝”折二真书,“天眷重宝”折三真书等,其中天眷元宝有2枚与天眷重宝为孤品,尚无任何拍卖记录。而据华夏古泉介绍,“天眷通宝”所知仅3枚,其中一枚“天眷通宝”折二真书,在中国嘉德2013年春拍20周年古钱专场中上拍,此枚铸工精湛,铜色温润,形制规范,包浆熟旧,穿口干净利落,以241.5万人民币成交。

At present, there are only a few known tianhun coins, including Xiaoping seal script of "tianhun Yuanbao", "tianhun Tongbao" into two authentic books, "tianhun chongbao" into three authentic books, etc. among them, two tianhun Yuanbao are isolated from tianhun chongbao, and there is no auction record. According to the introduction of Huaxia ancient spring, there are only three "Tianxun Tongbao" known. One of the "Tianxun Tongbao" folded two real books was photographed in the special session of ancient money for the 20th anniversary of China Jiade's spring auction in 2013. This piece has exquisite foundry, warm copper color, standardized shape, mature pulp, clean and neat mouth, and was traded for 2.415 million yuan.

 

作为古钱中的大珍品,天眷钱铸造的始末一直成谜,古泉界也一直难以盖棺定论,多为仁者见仁,智者见智。不过,很多学者通过对钱文书体、形制风范、铸造工艺、出土区域以及社会历史背景等进行考究之后,发现符合“子母相权”三等币制,认为天眷钱极有可能是金熙宗在天眷年间实施汉化改制时所铸。

As a great treasure of ancient coins, the whole process of Tianjun coin casting has been a mystery, and it has been difficult for the ancient spring world to make a final conclusion. Most people have different opinions. However, many scholars, after studying the calligraphy style, shape and style, casting technology, unearthed area and social and historical background of Qian Wen, found that it was in line with the third-class currency system of "son and mother Xiang Quan", and believed that Tianjun money was probably cast by Jin Xizong during the Sinicization reform in Tianjun years.

 

天眷钱作为套钱,带有试铸的属性。从而可见,由于汉制改革,金熙宗有意开铸新币,而且也具备了铸币的条件,但是由于种种原因,铸币计划未能成行,史料和文献中也无铸钱记载。因此,天眷钱也被隶定为古钱币纲要大珍。国内关于金朝天眷钱的记述最早见于现代泉家孙仲汇先生1992年的著作《钱币鉴赏》中,并附有用铅笔抹拓的正面图一副。如今,随着时间的推移,天眷钱也逐渐走入了越来越多人的视野,成为人们欣赏并研究的热点。

Tianxun money, as a set of money, has the attribute of trial casting. It can be seen that due to the reform of the Han system, Jin Xizong intended to open new coins, and also had the conditions for coinage. However, due to various reasons, the coinage plan could not be carried out, and there were no records of coinage in historical materials and documents. Therefore, Tianjun money was also designated as a great treasure of ancient coins. In China, the description of Jin Chaotian's family money was first seen in the 1992 work "appreciation of coins" by modern Quanjia Mr. Sun Zhonghui, with a front view with pencil. Nowadays, with the passage of time, Tianjun money has gradually come into the vision of more and more people and become a hot spot for people to appreciate and study.

 

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