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古玩城2021精品推荐第二期:汉五铢
2021-08-03 16:34:31   来源:网络

中国古代钱币萌芽于夏代,最初以贝币作为交换单位,起源于殷商,发展于东周,统一于赢秦,历经了四千多年的漫长历史,创造了七十多项世界之最。

The ancient Chinese coin sprouted in the Xia Dynasty. It was originally used as an exchange unit. It originated from the Yin and Shang Dynasty, developed in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, and was unified in winning the Qin Dynasty.

 

汉武帝于元鼎四年(前113年) 下令禁止郡国铸钱,把各地私铸的钱币运到京师销毁,将铸币大权收归中央。中央政府成立专门的铸币机构,即由水衡都尉的属官 (钟官、辨铜、技巧三官) 负责铸钱。钟官负责铸造,辨铜负责审查铜的质量成色,技巧负责刻范。面文“五铢”二字的钱最初铸于汉武帝元狩五年 (公元前118年),重如其文,被称为五铢钱。

Emperor Wudi of the Han Dynasty, in the fourth year of the Yuan Ding (113 BC), ordered a ban on the coinage at the county level and sent the privately minted coins to the capital to be destroyed. The power of coinage was returned to the central government. The central government set up a special coinage institution, that is, by the water balance officer's subordinate officers (Zhong Guan, copper, skill three officers) responsible for casting money. Zhong Guan is responsible for casting, copper is responsible for the examination of the quality of copper color, skill is responsible for carving fan. Face "five baht" two words of money originally cast in the Han Dynasty Wu Emperor Yuan Kane five years (118 BC), heavy as its text, known as five baht money.

 

五铢钱是秦汉货币史上的一大转折,实现了中央对货币铸造权的集中统一。西汉时期的五铢钱,枚重五铢,形制规整,重量标准,铸造精良。王莽篡汉以后,改国号为新朝,王莽颁布一系列改变币制的法令,禁五铢,行新钱,先后规定的货币三十余种,其形式模仿周制,等级庞杂,使用不便,不足值的大额货币泛滥,苛法强制推行,导致经济的极大混乱,不久即告失败。由于王莽禁汉,导致大量的汉五铢被集中销毁,王莽下令,凡使用五铢或收藏五铢的,重则极刑轻则鞭刑,一度盛行的五铢钱,遭到了毁灭性的打击。

The five baht money was a major turning point in the monetary history of the Qin and Han Dynasties, which realized the centralization and unification of the central government's power to coin. Five baht coins in the Western Han Dynasty weighed five baht, with regular shape, standard weight and excellent casting. Follwed reigned han, the change of name for the new dynasty, follwed promulgated a series of change law of monetary, the weight, line of new money, has more than 30 kinds of currency, its form imitation weeks, complex, difficult to use, less than value of large monetary laxness, KeFa enforce, cause economic chaos, soon failed. Due to Wang Mang's ban on the Han Dynasty, a large number of Han Wuzhu were destroyed. Wang Mang ordered that those who used or collected the five baht should be punished with extreme punishment or flogging at the least. The once popular Wu Zhuqian suffered a devastating blow.

 

东汉建武十六年,光武帝刘秀重新推行为王莽改制所一度中断的五铢钱制,对社会经济的恢复起到积极的作用。三国两晋南北朝隋唐五代十国时期,是中国货币发展史上的一个重要转变期,隋代在全国范围内推行统一标准的五铢钱,同时严禁私铸及其他旧币使用。至开皇五年隋五铢便成为国内统一的法定货币。

In the sixteenth year of Jianwu's reign in the Eastern Han Dynasty, Emperor Guangwu Liu Xiu reintroduced the five-baht money system which had been interrupted by Wang Mang's reform, which played a positive role in the social and economic recovery. The period of the Three Kingdoms, the Two Jin Dynasties, the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Sui Dynasty, the Five Dynasties and the Ten Kingdoms was an important period of change in the history of Chinese currency development. In the Sui Dynasty, a unified standard of five baht money was introduced throughout the country, and private coinage and the use of other old coins were prohibited. The five baht became the unified legal tender in China in the fifth year of Kaihuang.

 

此币外圆内方,象征着天地乾坤。正面书有“五铢”二篆字,字体修长秀丽,风格一致,“五”字交笔缓曲,上下与两横笔交接处略向内收。“铢”字“金”头有如箭镞形。其面郭较宽,形制整齐,肉面光洁,钱内外郭略高于钱肉,薄厚一致。此币印制规整,钱型厚重,品相完整,文字美观大方,锈色自然流畅,古朴大气。整体打铸深峻,轻重适宜,铸工精细,字文凸起,边棱料宽,外郭稍阔,铜色浑厚匀称,内外郭宽窄均匀,规矩整齐,极具收藏价值。

This coin is round outside and square inside, symbolizing heaven and earth. The front of the book has "five baht" two seal characters, slender and beautiful font, consistent style, "five" word intersection pen slow song, up and down and two horizontal pen junction slightly inward. The "baht" word "gold" head like arrowheads. The face Guo is wide, neat shape, clean meat, money inside and outside Guo slightly higher than money meat, thickness is consistent. This coin is printed neatly, the money type is thick, the product appearance is complete, the text is beautiful and generous, the rust color is natural and smooth, and the atmosphere is primitive and simple. The overall casting depth, appropriate weight, fine casting, word protrude, wide edge material, slightly wider outer Guo, copper color rich and well-proportioned, uniform width of inside and outside Guo, rules and tidy, very valuable for collection.

 

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